Starting with the Mayflower landing in Massachusetts Bay into the Great Migration from toto the continual immigration into our country today this country has seen its culture grow and reshape itself over the years. If different people were asked to define cultural diversity there would be a varying degree of answers provided. One formal definition is: Another formal definition is:
Overview[ edit ] There are many separate societies that emerged around the globe differed markedly from each other, and many of these differences persist to this day.
As well as the more obvious cultural differences that exist between people, such as language, dress and traditions, there are also significant variations in the way societies organize themselves, in their shared conception of moralityand in the ways they interact with their environment.
Cultural diversity can be seen as analogous to biodiversity. Firstly, like most evolutionary accounts of human naturethe importance of cultural diversity for survival may be an un-testable hypothesiswhich can neither be proved nor disproved.
Secondly, it Understanding cultural diversity in the united be argued that it is unethical deliberately to conserve "less developed" societies, because this will deny people within those societies the benefits of technological and medical advances enjoyed by those in the "developed" world.
In the same manner that the promotion of poverty in underdeveloped nations as "cultural diversity" is unethical.
It is unethical to promote all religious practices simply because they are seen to contribute to cultural diversity. Particular religious practices are recognized by the WHO and UN as unethical, including female genital mutilationpolygamychild bridesand human sacrifice.
Today, with the development of technology, information and capital are transcending geographical boundaries and reshaping the relationships between the marketplace, states and citizens. In particular, the growth of the mass media industry has largely impacted on individuals and societies across the globe.
With information being so easily distributed throughout the world, cultural meanings, values and tastes run the risk of becoming homogenized.
As a result, the strength of identity of individuals and societies may begin to weaken. The discussion page may contain suggestions. April Nowadays, communication between different countries becomes more and more frequent. And more and more students choose to study overseas for experiencing culture diversity.
Their goal is to broaden their horizons and develop themselves from learning overseas. The free open discussion on various topics is due to the academic freedom which most American colleges and universities enjoy.
But we cannot simply judge which one is better, because each culture has its own advantages and features. Thanks to those difference forms the culture diversity and those make our world more colorful. For students who go abroad for education, if they can combine positive culture elements from two different cultures to their self-development, it would be a competitive advantage in their whole career.
Especially, with current process of global economics, people who owned different perspectives on cultures stand at a more competitive position in current world. Research carried out in the s by David Crystal Honorary Professor of Linguistics at the University of Wales, Bangor suggested that at that time, on average, one language was falling into disuse every two weeks.
However, it could also be argued that with the advent of globalism, a decline in cultural diversity is inevitable because information sharing often promotes homogeneity. Thought for world trade, this soft law instrument strength in not binding clearly became a crucial reference to the definition of the European policy choice.
Inthe European Court of Justice favoured a broad view of culture—beyond cultural values through the protection of film or the objective of promoting linguistic diversity yet previously recognized.
On top of it, under this Convention, the EU and China have committed to fostering more balanced cultural exchanges, strengthening international cooperation and solidarity with business and trade opportunities in cultural and creative industries. There is also the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage ratified on June 20, by 78 states which said: The intangible cultural heritagetransmitted from generation to generation is constantly recreated by communities and groups in response to their environment, their interaction with nature and their history, and gives them a sense of identity and continuity, thus promoting respect for cultural diversity and human creativity.
Cultural diversity was also promoted by the Montreal Declaration ofand by the European Union. In addition to language, diversity can also include religious or traditional practice. On a local scale, Agenda 21 for culturethe first document of world scope that establishes the foundations for a commitment by cities and local governments to cultural development, supports local authorities committed to cultural diversity.
Defense[ edit ] The defense of cultural diversity can take several meanings: A balance to be achieved: The cultural exception highlights the specificity of cultural products and services, including special recognition by the European Union in its Declaration on Cultural Diversity.
In this context, the objective is to defend against what is seen as a " commodification "—considered harmful to a "disadvantaged" culture—supporting its development through grants, promotion operations, etc.
This defense may also refer to incorporating "cultural rights" provisions, conducted unsuccessfully in the early s in Europe, into a layer of human rights.
This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. February See also:Welcome to your information source for international business etiquette, manners, and cross cultural pfmlures.com global business continues to expand and bring everyone closer, the critical element of a successful business outcome may be the appreciation and respect for regional, country, and cultural differences - known as cultural diversity and requiring good intercultural communication.
Culture is often at the root of communication challenges. Exploring historical experiences and the ways in which various cultural groups have related to each other is key to opening channels for cross-cultural communication.
Becoming more aware of cultural differences, as well as exploring cultural similarities, can help you communicate with others more effectively. By accepting this message, you will be leaving the website of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.
This link is provided solely for the user's convenience. Intercultural competence is a range of cognitive, affective, and behavioural skills that lead to effective and appropriate communication with people of other cultures. Effective intercultural communication relates to behaviors that culminate with the accomplishment of the desired goals of the interaction and all parties involved in the situation.
66 CHAPTER 6: CROSS-CULTURAL RELATIONS AND DIVERSITY The purpose of this chapter is to provide the reader with insight into, and skills for, relating effectively to people from other cultures.
Cultural Diversity in Higher Education As the 21st Century opens, it is a good time to consider how cultural diversitywhich is viewed by this writer as being the collection of various cultures within a countryaffects higher education in the United States today.