Gender equality, social inclusion and elimination of discrimination in employment and occupation are some of the key priority areas identified in the DWCP under various outcomes and indicators. Within the current DWCP, improved labour market governance and industrial relations have been identified as one of the key priority areas in Nepal.
The Key to Educational Development? Nepal is currently in a transitional phase, the monarchy has been deposed and the Maoists are undergoing an unsure transformation from insurgents to elected leaders. In this tussle for power the common people of Nepal have been largely forgotten, all hoping that each new act in the saga will be their chance to be heard.
Nepal stands at a critical point in its history; yet it remains to be seen whether the newly fledged republic will be able to create lasting Essay on gender discrimination in nepal and prosperity. I was co- ordinating a group of English and Nepali volunteers in the small village of Sanker Chowk whose aim was to provide manual labour in the construction and reparation of school buildings whilst also engaging the local children and community with English, football, cricket and Karate lessons.
Just as important as the construction and education aspects of our visit was the cultural exchange that occurred during our time living in the community. During our stay we experienced day-to-day life in rural Nepal, the customs, family and social hierarchies and the work practices of the villagers.
Gender Inequalities During our time living with families in the small community it became clear that there are many gender inequalities in-built into Nepali society.
Women and girls would wake early each day to begin the daily chores at around 4 am. These involve milking and tending to animals, cleaning clothes, washing up, collecting or buying food to be used during the day and finally preparing breakfast for the family.
This is merely the start of the day for the women who then walk to local paddy fields to manually toil for most of the hours of daylight. The local women work in groups of around eight to pick, plant and tend to the paddy rice.
The women stand in the knee-high, leech infested water in temperatures that sometimes scale forty-five degrees centigrade to provide their families with food. Many of the workers in the paddy fields are young women and girls who Cai Heath The International Development Department either do not attend school or regularly fail to attend.
The local primary- school headmaster often spoke of the struggle he had to get all children to attend due to their families relying on their income, especially during key harvests.
Most of the older women in the village had stooped backs due to the sheer weight of rice plants that they had carried to and from the fields each day of their lives; suspended behind them by straps across their foreheads.
These details, however, are merely the physical restrictions that females in Nepal face from day to day; the greatest restrictions that Nepali women face are cultural ones. Nepal follows a patriarchal hierarchy that allows men to make all of the key decisions in both households and the community at large.
The men of the village legally own the land and therefore control what happens upon it. Only men have motorbikes, which give them freedom to travel in to local towns to work or trade whilst women are confined to a walking distance from their home.
It is not seen as seemly for a woman to wear trousers, which would be necessary to ride a motorcycle. The main reason for these facts is the cultural preference towards sons in Nepali culture. Daughters normally marry at around the age of eighteen, often moving a considerable distance away from their place of upbringing with their new husband.
This means that families are very unwilling to educate their daughters, as the family members will not see a direct return on their educational investment 1. On the other hand, sons, who remain in the family home and often support their parents and grandparents into old age are seen as an obvious investment.
Most young women have children soon after marriage, partly due to custom and expectations of the family and partly due to the lack of available contraception.
This effectively ends any higher or further education that the woman was receiving or hoping to pursue. These cultural issues are supported by data which shows that men spend on average 2. The younger generation does show that girls are gradually catching up with boys as literacy rates from age six upwards show that Also, recent living standard surveys show that These data also show a clear correlation between the children with the lowest literacy rates and the poorest areas of the country where child labour is most prevalent.
Ways to Solve the Problem The key way that Nepal can begin to fulfil the Millennium Development Goals is through special attention to the third goal: Women need to be transformed in the eyes of Nepali culture from uneducated pawns to the fulcrums of achieving Cai Heath The International Development Department educational development across the country.
Through the education of women a whole new cycle of learning can be introduced into Nepali culture. Once the basic building block of literacy is laid then the doors to empowerment for women would be well and truly opened.
Only by creating an environment where women and men can participate equally both economically and in the household can the gender disparity in rural Nepali society be remedied.
Women need to see that by working together in their society they can empower themselves and put women on a par with men in terms of both freedoms and opportunities.
|Promoting Jobs, Protecting People||Despite improvement in recent years, the disparity in literacy rates between men and women still remains.|
|Women empowerment; a challenge in Nepal - iMartNepal||This huge difference of male and female literacy rate is the result of gender discrimination prevalent in Nepalese society. Nepalese family gives educational priority to boys, as a result, many young girls are deprived of school education and forced to engage in household works.|
|In the world even though women are the major founders of the society, yet women have not achieved equality with men. There are many countries where women are second-class citizens.|
|The Rising Nepal: Gender Equality In Nepal||Any denial of equality, gender and opportunity on the basis of gender is gender discrimination.|
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Women can begin a new chain of learning, working and crucially, serving their communities to give young women as much chance as possible to become economically independent. Only through this transfer of wisdom can the shackles of gender-biased social attitudes be broken.
It is easy to neglect men in all this talk of female empowerment but the acceptance of gender equality by male members of society is going to be a key issue in securing a future for Nepal that is free if gender bias.
Men and boys must also be included in the general change in attitude required for positive change; otherwise the exercise would simply cause hostility between the sexes.
Conclusions The Nepali government has made some recent initial steps towards implementing educational equality by implementing compulsory primary school enrolment in 5 national districts; this move is planned to be implemented across all districts in the next few years 7.
Compulsory education for all at primary level will effectively outlaw child labour during school hours, which will have a very positive effect on literacy rates. The government is also currently trialling a project to help girls complete their education by providing them with free school books 8.
However, much work still needs to be done to correct social stigmas that cannot be solved by simple policy change.Overview of Gender Equality and Social Inclusion in Nepal.
Overview of Gender Equality because of discrimination based on gender, caste, ethnicity, or religion. Exclusion occurs in public (formal) insti- Overview of Gender Equality and Social Inclusion in Nepal.
www. Existence of Discrimination Discrimination happens to be exhibited in many ways and different settings. Some of the reasons people discriminate are race, belief, sexual preference, employment, religion, gender, size, and even a person health status. Gender Equality In Nepal Kushal Pokharel With a theme ‘Be Bold For Change’ to forge a better working world- more inclusive and gender equal world, International Women’s Day was observed across the .
The women illiteracy is also a key drawback of Nepalese society resisting women empowerment in Nepal. This huge difference of male and female literacy rate is the result of gender discrimination prevalent in Nepalese society.
Education of Women in Nepal Essay; Education of Women in Nepal Essay. Words 13 Pages. Gender is socially constructed roles for men and women. Since the very beginning of the existence of human being, society has been assigning different roles, rules, norms, values, opportunities and rights to be performed by men and women.
Some of the. The DWCP for Nepal reflects the priorities of the tripartite constituents in Nepal. Gender equality, social inclusion and elimination of discrimination in employment and occupation are some of the key priority areas identified in the DWCP under various outcomes and indicators.