What can it look like?
Cooperative Learning Techniques Collaborative learning can range from low investment simple, short, and informal to high investment complex, time-intensive, and formaland span multiple types of classroom settings. There are many ways to employ cooperative learning.
Below is a sample of methods and techniques discussed by workshop participants. Problem-solving Students work collaboratively to develop strategies and perform analyses. Students can work in groups to complete tasks such as writing pseudocode, writing full code, debugging, and troubleshooting.
Create assignments, projects, and other assessments that encourage or require collaborative problem-solving. Techniques to facilitate group problem-solving: Students participate in a series of problem-solving rounds. Each student contributes their independently generated solution to those that have been developed by other students.
After a number of rounds, students are asked to review the solutions developed by their peers, evaluate the answers and develop a final solution. Three stay, one stray: During group work, students periodically take a break from their work often at key decision making points and send one group member the "stray" to another group to describe their progress.
The role of the "stray" is to gain information and alternative perspectives by listening and sharing. The number of times the group sends a representative to another group depends on the level of complexity of the problem.
The introductory activity If You Build It The second group must follow the instructions and come up with a solution. Reciprocal teaching Students provide their peers with feedback, explanations, or alternative perspectives. Use undergraduate students as peer assistants to guide other students and groups.
Techniques to facilitate reciprocal teaching: Pairs of students summarize their understanding of a concept based on notes taken using directed questions such as what is the definition of a concept, how is it used, what are the three most important characteristics of a topic and receive reflective feedback from their partner.
This activity provides students with the opportunity to find critical gaps in their written records.
For more complex problems, this structure provides students the opportunity to develop expertise in one of many components of a problem by first participating in a group solely focused on a single component. In the second stage of the exercise, groups are reformed with a representative from each expert group who together now have sufficient expertise to tackle the whole problem.
Discussion Students communicate in pairs, as small groups, or as a class.Additional examples of ways to structure informal group work are given in the table below. Formal cooperative learning groups. In formal cooperative learning students work together for one or more class periods to complete a joint .
Cooperative learning is an educational approach which aims to organize classroom activities into academic and social learning experiences. There is much more to cooperative learning than merely arranging students into groups, and it has been described as "structuring positive interdependence.".
The idea of cooperative learning has been around for decades, but it never got to the same prominence as blended learning or differentiated instruction.. While it’s debatable as to why cooperative learning flew under the radar for so long, it’s undeniably a powerful and effective teaching strategy..
But what are the details behind cooperative learning? Cooperative Learning involves structuring classes around small groups that work together in such a way that each group member's success is dependent on the group's success.
There are different kinds of groups for different situations, but they all balance some key elements that distinguish. Cooperative learning and inquiry-based teaching yield big dividends in the classroom.
And now we have the research to prove it. Cooperative vs. collaborative learning often causes a conundrum for teachers, the chart below was designed to help explain the difference in cooperative learning & collaborative learning from a .