Special relativity introduced a new framework for all of physics by proposing new concepts of space and time. Equivalence principle A person in a free-falling elevator experiences weightlessness ; objects either float motionless or drift at constant speed. Since everything in the elevator is falling together, no gravitational effect can be observed. In this way, the experiences of an observer in free fall are indistinguishable from those of an observer in deep space, far from any significant source of gravity.
Eureka moment for 1 random technology from the Modern or Atomic era. Civilopedia Entry Edit Considered the greatest genius of the 20th Century and the most influential theoretical physicist of all time, Albert Einstein had a passion for inquiry that eventually led him to develop the special and the general theories of relativity.
Born in AD in Ulm, his academic career would span seven decades and four countries. Albert grew up in a secular Jewish home, beginning his education at a Catholic elementary school, and continuing at the Luitpold Gymnasium in Munich before transferring to the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich when his family relocated to Italy.
Inthe year he gained his diploma, he acquired Swiss citizenship and accepted a position as a technical assistant in the Swiss Patent Office.
While so employed, he obtained his doctorate in It was while unhappily married and working a menial job that Einstein did most of his remarkable thinking and writing.
Made a professor of theoretical physics at Princeton, he retired in and died there in from an aortic aneurysm.By the beginning of the 20th century, From special to general relativity featuring an elementary introduction to general relativity.
Participation Overview the fourth most admired person of the 20th Century in which he deduced the famous equation E = mc 2 from his special relativity. Nov 19, · Born in Germany on March 14, , Einstein is considered the most influential scientist of the 20th century.
His general theory of relativity reconciles Newtonian laws of mechanics with the laws of electromagnetics. Albert Einstein: Albert Einstein, German-born physicist who developed the special and general theories of relativity and won the Nobel Prize for Physics in for his explanation of the photoelectric effect.
Einstein is generally considered the most influential physicist of the 20th century. Einstein got rid of the Newtonian absolutes and was able to provide a new foundation for our notions of space and time: the four (4) dimensional space- time; simultaneity and the constancy of velocity of light, and the relativity of all systems of reference.
In physics, special relativity (SR, also known as the special theory of relativity or STR) is the generally accepted and experimentally well-confirmed physical theory regarding the .