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However, the number of lives, dreams, and aspirations that were lost as he brought his will down upon the people can never be recovered. Modern China cannot be understood without studying this period of history.
We think too small, like the frog at the bottom of the well. He thinks the sky is only as big as the top of the well. If he surfaced, he would have an entirely different view.
One of his more famous pronouncements about women was that they "held up half of the heavens. He also outlawed prostitution. While he did not support birth control, he did encourage women to be the equal of men. Today, there are women in all trades and professions.
Women work side by side with men on a seemingly equal footing. Enable every woman who can work to take her place on the labour front, under the principle of equal pay for equal work.
The application of this campaign led to widespread starvation and economic ruin. What it really meant was a plan to increase agriculture and industrialization through centralization and communes. In terms of agriculture, the plan was that the government could control the sale of agricultural goods if they also controlled the production of those goods.
Controlling production would be easier if agriculture became centralized, meaning that large farming collectives would share the workload and necessary tools. These false numbers were meant push people to meet ever-higher goals, while the reality was that people were literally starving to death.
The local leaders of the communes were lying about their production levels in order to satisfy the demands of their superiors. In the meantime, the collective illusion about surpluses led to grains being sent to urban areas or even being exported outside of China.
There was not enough food left for the rural peasants to eat. In terms of industry, a large component of the Great Leap Forward concerned steel production. InMao was shown a backyard steel furnace and became convinced that this could be a good method of producing steel.
He then required communes to produce their own steel, which led to large-scale melting down of kitchen cooking pots and farming implements.
To keep the furnace fires stoked after exhausting local sources of wood, people began burning their own doors and household furniture. When Mao toured a real steel production plant inhe chose not to tell the populace that steel was impossible to produce in backyard furnaces, saying instead that the zeal of the workers should not be dampened.
By the end ofhowever, the steel requirement for communes was no longer in place. It had been quietly abandoned. It is estimated that between fourteen and forty million people died during the Great Leap Forward due to starvation.
Let a hundred flowers bloom. Given the freedom to express their views, the Chinese intellectual community came forward.
After a few months, however, the government halted this policy and began to hunt and persecute those very people who had just come forward to criticize the government. This campaign of persecution was called the Anti-Rightist Movement.
This is another example of how China lost some of its finest minds to the political party because of their "dangerous" ideas about how the country should be run. Large quantities of politicized art were produced and circulated with Mao at the center. The Cult of Mao proved vital in starting the Cultural Revolution.
Art for the sake of beauty was discouraged. Art was now required to serve a political purpose: All art forms became propaganda for the political party, including song, theater, posters, even statues. Thus they were his greatest supporters. Their feelings for him were so strong that many followed his recommendation to challenge all established authority, including their parents and teachers.- Mao's Cultural Revolution Dressed in the drab military uniform that symbolized the revolutionary government of Communist China, Mao Zedong's body still looked powerful, like an giant rock in .
The First Revolutionary Civil War Period Communism and Dictatorship (November January ) The Role of the Merchants in the National Revolution (July 11, ). The Chinese Government and the Foreigners (August 29, ).
Analysis of the Classes in Chinese Society (March ). The Bitter Sufferings of the Peasants in Kiangsu . With Mao as the head of the Chinese Communist Party, is the first year of a five year plan which would end with the great leap forward.
This is when Mao began to negotiate trade and aid from Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union. Mao Zedong or Mao Tse-tung (mou dzŭ-do͝ong), –, founder of the People's Republic of pfmlures.com was one of the most prominent Communist theoreticians and his ideas on revolutionary struggle and guerrilla warfare have been extremely influential, especially among Third World revolutionaries.
- Mao Ze Dong started the Great Cultural Revolution in , in what appeared to be a massive cleansing policy to ensure the final victory of Mao and his supporters over the rest of the Chinese Communist party. A campaign to reestablish Mao's ideological line culminated in the Cultural Revolution Cultural Revolution, –76, mass mobilization of urban Chinese youth inaugurated by Mao Zedong in an attempt to prevent the development of a bureaucratized Soviet style of Communism.